Module java.base
Package java.util

Interface Enumeration<E>

  • All Known Subinterfaces:
    All Known Implementing Classes:

    public interface Enumeration<E>
    An object that implements the Enumeration interface generates a series of elements, one at a time. Successive calls to the nextElement method return successive elements of the series.

    For example, to print all elements of a Vector<E> v:

       for (Enumeration<E> e = v.elements(); e.hasMoreElements();)

    Methods are provided to enumerate through the elements of a vector, the keys of a hashtable, and the values in a hashtable. Enumerations are also used to specify the input streams to a SequenceInputStream.

    API Note:
    The functionality of this interface is duplicated by the Iterator interface. In addition, Iterator adds an optional remove operation, and has shorter method names. New implementations should consider using Iterator in preference to Enumeration. It is possible to adapt an Enumeration to an Iterator by using the asIterator() method.
    See Also:
    Iterator, SequenceInputStream, nextElement(), Hashtable, Hashtable.elements(), Hashtable.keys(), Vector, Vector.elements()
    • Method Detail

      • hasMoreElements

        boolean hasMoreElements()
        Tests if this enumeration contains more elements.
        true if and only if this enumeration object contains at least one more element to provide; false otherwise.
      • nextElement

        E nextElement()
        Returns the next element of this enumeration if this enumeration object has at least one more element to provide.
        the next element of this enumeration.
        NoSuchElementException - if no more elements exist.
      • asIterator

        default Iterator<E> asIterator()
        Returns an Iterator that traverses the remaining elements covered by this enumeration. Traversal is undefined if any methods are called on this enumeration after the call to asIterator.
        API Note:
        This method is intended to help adapt code that produces Enumeration instances to code that consumes Iterator instances. For example, the JarFile.entries() method returns an Enumeration<JarEntry>. This can be turned into an Iterator, and then the forEachRemaining() method can be used:
             JarFile jarFile = ... ;
             jarFile.entries().asIterator().forEachRemaining(entry -> { ... });
        (Note that there is also a method that returns a Stream of entries, which may be more convenient in some cases.)
        Implementation Requirements:
        The default implementation returns an Iterator whose hasNext method calls this Enumeration's hasMoreElements method, whose next method calls this Enumeration's nextElement method, and whose remove method throws UnsupportedOperationException.
        an Iterator representing the remaining elements of this Enumeration